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Every day, a huge amount of new content is uploaded to YouTube, generating billions of views. As a YouTube trendspotter, my job is to sift through all that material to try and make sense of it all. Some videos will be easy to forget. Others will end up being viral but short-lived sensations. And others will point toward a bigger behavioral and cultural shift taking place on the platform and beyond. These are the trends that marketers need to pay attention to. Here are three we've seen most recently.

Viewers are watching global cultural moments in real time

What do Elon Musk, Beyoncé, and the British royal family have in common? Not a lot, at first glance, but one common thread ties them together: They were all part of some of the most popular YouTube live streams of 2018.

In February 2018, SpaceX’s Falcon Heavy launch garnered more than 2.3 million concurrent views on YouTube, making it the second-most popular live stream in the platform’s history after Felix Baumgartner’s edge of space jump in 2012.  Then in spring came the culture-defining moment that was #Beychella, Beyoncé’s takeover of Coachella. With 458,000 simultaneous viewers, the YouTube live stream was the biggest ever for a music festival. Soon after that came the royal wedding between Prince Harry and Meghan Markle, which is now one of YouTube’s all-time top 10 live streams.

Of course, live streaming isn’t exactly new. But it is picking up speed. Of the 100 most popular YouTube live streams (measured in terms of greatest number of peak concurrent viewers), over 60 happened in the past two years.1

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So what does this mean for brands? Well, you don’t have to build a rocket to get in on the action. Take gaming company Nintendo, which uses live streams to speak directly to its customers, delivering news and product updates. Its live streams are fun and creative, and have become an alternative to the standard corporate keynotes given at major gaming conferences. Some have even made it into the top 100 YouTube live streams.2

Local content is going global

It’s a small world, but sometimes brands forget that, creating vastly different versions of an ad for each market in which they operate. Of course, it’s important that marketing be culturally relevant, but there’s a trend playing out on YouTube that suggests viewers are more cosmopolitan than they get credit for: the globalization of videos initially created to speak mainly to local interests.

Last year, U.S. musician Childish Gambino released his smash hit song “This Is America.” The accompanying video — which, at the time of writing, has over 505 million views — called out many issues specific to American culture. Yet it was an instant global sensation. Creators and artists around the world immediately began making their own versions, highlighting issues of concern in their countries. One of them, "This Is Nigeria," has over 16 million views. Within a month, there were 19,000 uploads with “This Is America” in the title, accounting for over 500 million views at the time.3

This idea of thinking locally for a global audience is something that brands can apply in their marketing, and LG’s work with BTS, the hugely popular Korean boy band, is an excellent example of the concept.

A recent ad featured members of the band talking about a new LG mobile phone. One version was dubbed with American–English-speaking voices, while another version saw the stars speaking in their native tongue. A quick look at the comments shows that, even in countries where few people understand Korean, many fans preferred the original, seeing it as an opportunity to connect more authentically with their musical idols. When you consider that 94% of the band’s YouTube video viewers don’t live in Korea, you start to understand that some cultural phenomena don’t stop at national borders.4

The line between traditional celebrities and new media stars is blurring

In 2018, we saw the once-clear line between traditional celebrities and new media stars blur on YouTube.

For example, Shane Dawson’s docuseries on popular YouTubers gained over 300 million views last year, redefining the celebrity profile for a new age and demonstrating how fascinated audiences are by creators and their lives — a passion once reserved for A-list celebrities only.

At the same time, more and more traditional celebrities started using digital video to deepen their connection with fans, essentially becoming creators. Will Smith is one such example. He may not have released a single movie in 2018, but he was still top of mind thanks to the videos he shared on YouTube, showing off his travels, performing the world’s greatest “In My Feelings Challenge,” and even bungee jumping from a helicopter into the Grand Canyon.

If viewers want to hear from their favorite personalities on both the big screen and on smaller ones, brands should rethink how they use celebrities and where they deploy them. How much more valuable is a celebrity endorsement when the star is not only connected to the product on TV ads and billboards, but when they’re also producing related videos for their fans? Rihanna’s tutorial Tuesday videos for her makeup brand Fenty are a great example of this in action.

The trends we recognized in 2018 have paved the way for cultural shifts in 2019. As we continue to see viewer behaviors evolve, marketers can capitalize upon these shifts and join the global conversation.